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发布时间 :2018-12-04 05:26
  

  茫茫草原,悠悠历史,位于内蒙古东部科尔沁草原腹部地区的通辽市,北依连绵起伏的大兴安岭南端山脉,南怀奔腾而去的西辽河水,东临松嫩平原,西与赤峰地区相连,自古以来是动植物和人...

  茫茫草原,悠悠历史,位于内蒙古东部科尔沁草原腹部地区的通辽市,北依连绵起伏的大兴安岭南端山脉,南怀奔腾而去的西辽河水,东临松嫩平原,西与赤峰地区相连,自古以来是动植物和人类繁衍生息的好敌方。从科尔沁草原北部地区霍林河煤矿发现的大量松、杉、银杏等苏铁类树化石来看,一亿年前这一带的 蕨类植物极其茂盛。科尔沁草原南部地区的“大青沟动物化石群”说明,中更新世时代是三门马、肿骨鹿、中国鬣狗等哺乳动物栖息的地方。辽河及其支流新开河流域出土的猛犸象、披毛犀、野牛的等大型哺乳动物话时,以及在科尔沁草原北部山区发现的石核、石片等打制石器说明,旧石器时代中晚期开始这里冬季冰天雪地,夏季草木葱茏,并且有了最初的人类活动。

  进入新时期时代,科尔沁草原成为著名的红山文化和富河文化以及小河沿文化发祥地之一。让人们浮想联翩的红山古国神秘的勾云形玉佩,以石英片或燧石片磨制而成的柳叶形石镞,分别在科尔沁草原南北地区不时出土。随着中国北方青铜时代的到来,科尔沁草原出现了以夏家店下层和上层文化为代表的青铜文化。从其出土的石锄、陶鬲、青铜镞、卧羊青铜饰件等文物来分析,夏家店下层文化是以采集和原始农耕为主,夏家店上层文化则是以狩猎和原始游牧为主。

  原始游牧经过千百年的发展,在公元前十一世纪,迈入了游牧联盟部落阶段。这一时期活跃于科尔沁草原上的是以使用曲刃青铜剑为特点的东胡联盟部落。公元前五世纪,战国七雄之一的燕国,为了防御东湖人的南侵,在其北部边境修筑了一条长城。如今这条古老的燕长城,带着岁月的伤残,由西向东南走向,静静的卧在科尔沁草原南部地区的丘陵之中。公元前206年,东胡被西邻匈奴击破后,其联盟部落中的乌桓、鲜卑等残部幸存下来。后经过三个多世纪的休养生息,到公元91年趁匈奴被东汉灭亡之际,鲜卑人崛起,建立了控地东胡和匈奴故地的鲜卑军事大联盟部落。这一历史时期活动于科尔沁草原上的是,段部鲜卑和走出大兴安岭地区向西迁徙的拓跋鲜卑。通过他们在科尔沁草原上留下的弦纹黑陶罐、神兽纹金狮牌、金凤步摇冠等一批珍贵文物,我们能够捕捉到一些古老的鲜卑历史文化信息。

  鲜卑人后裔之一,是公元916年建立辽王朝的契丹人。《辽史》中记载“相传有神人乘白马,自马盂山浮土河而东,有天女驾青牛车由平地松林泛潢河而下。至木叶山,二水合流,相遇为配偶,生八子。其后族部渐盛,分为八部。”这一契丹民族起源传说中的浮土河(现为老哈河),带着上千年的美丽传说,在科尔沁草原的西南部地区缓缓流淌着。被评为建立新中国以来“十大考古发现”之一的辽代陈国公主与驸马萧绍矩合葬墓为首的辽代后族萧氏家族墓地,也在科尔沁草原南部地区,一片片相连相望。还有轰动世人的被评为2003年度全国“十大考古发现”之一的吐尔基山辽代贵族墓,就在科尔沁草原腹部地区沉睡了千年之久。这些辽代贵族墓出土的精美绝伦的文物,让世人目睹了辽代历史文化风采。十二世纪初,契丹人统治下的女真人崛起,推翻了辽王朝,建立了金王朝。1147年开始,为了防御其北边的蒙古诸部,金朝修筑了二条军事界壕。其南线界壕沿着大兴安岭山脉东北西南走向,蜿蜒崎岖进入阴山山脉,直达大青山主峰,全长3000公里。这条金界壕从科尔沁草原北部穿过,长达120公里。

  The boundless grassland, the long history, is located east Inner Mongolia Knorchin prairie abdomen area Tongliao, north according to the rolling Daxinanling south tip of sierra, the Xiliao River water which south bosom galloping goes, east is near Songnen Plain, west is connected with the Chifeng area, is since the ancient times the good enemy side which the zoology and botany and the humanity multiply live.Massive cycad class tree fossils and so on pines, cedar, gingko the local Holingol River coal mine discovered which from the Knorchin prairie looked that, 100,000,000 years ago area this fern is extremely luxuriant.South the Knorchin prairie the area “the mayflower glorybower ditch zoolite group”ter passes through more than three century resting and building up strength time, perishes to the A.D. 91 years while Hsiungnu by the Eastern Han Dynasty, the Xianbei people rose, establish have controlled Eastern Hu and the Hsiungnu former home grounds Xianbei military big alliance tribe.This historical period activity on the Knorchin prairie is, a section Xianbei and goes out the Dahingganling area toba tartars Xianbei which moves to the west.Through them the string grain black earthenware jar, god beastly grain Jin Shipai, Jin Fengbu which stays behind on the Knorchin prairie swings the crown and so on one batch of precious cultural relics, we can catch some ancient Xianbei history culture information. One of Xianbei person descendants, is the Qidan person who the A.D. 916 years establish the distant dynasty.Liao History records “hands down the bright person to ride the white horse, but from Ma Yushan the surface dust river east, has the day female to harness the Dawn Mills brand vehicle to exude Huanghe River by the flat land pinery under.To the wooden leaf mountain, two water confluence, the meet is a spouse, lives eight.After that the race department gradually is abundant, divides into eight.” This Qidan nationality origins in the fable the surface dust river (presently for Laoha River), is having over a thousand year beautiful fables, in Knorchin prairie north-west area slowly flow.Since is evaluated founds new China “ten big archaeology after to discover” a distant generation of Princess Chen Guo and emperors son-in-law Xiao Shaoju buries husband and wife together the grave is the head distant generation of race Xiao family tomb, also south the Knorchin prairie the area, one connected faces one another piece by piece.Also had the stir common people to evaluate 2003 year nations “ten big archaeology to discover”1147 started, in order to defend its north Mongolian various, Jin Chao has constructed two military trenches.Its southern line trench moves towards along Daxinanling sierra northeast southwest, winds to enter the Yin sierra ruggedly, goes directly to the Daqingshan prominent peak, the span 3000 kilometers.This Jin Jiehao passed through from the Knorchin prairie, long amounts to 120 kilometers.

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